Start Submission

Reading: Addressing spatial segregation of the low-income population through comprehensive social hou...

Download

A- A+
Alt. Display

Research

Addressing spatial segregation of the low-income population through comprehensive social housing projects in Quito, Ecuador

Author:

Vanessa Alejandra Carrera Yepez

London School of Economics and Political Science, GB
About Vanessa Alejandra Carrera

Master of Public Administration in International Development, Class of 2016

X close

Abstract

Since the 1970s, urban sprawl in Quito has been accompanied by the valorisation of urban land in central areas, which has led to the spatial segregation of low-income populations towards peripheral areas of the city. The present policy paper is aimed at analysing the main consequences of spatial segregation, as well as the public policies required to address them. The method used draws on secondary analysis, including both qualitative and quantitative sources. Using the theory of change as an analytical framework, the research presented identifies a causal chain that links the specific goals regarding social inclusion in Quito, Ecuador, with the conditions and interventions needed to accomplish them. Spatial segregation has several consequences in economic, social, and psychological dimensions of low-income inhabitants’ lives. These consequences include limited job opportunities, low-quality education, reduction of their labour supply and income, among other constraints they face to overcome poverty. Additionally, spatial segregation intensifies social problems such as crime, violence, and addiction. This phenomenon also affects the poor psychologically since it reduces their self-confidence and limits their aspirations. The analysis of theoretical and empirical evidence regarding policy options leads to the conclusion that the optimal intervention to address spatial segregation is the implementation of comprehensive social housing projects in the centre of the city. To ensure the success of these projects, their design should incorporate the establishment of mixed-income neighbourhoods, mechanisms to promote social mobility and reduce dependency, minimum quality standards for decent dwellings, and programs that guarantee the affordability of housing for the poorest tenants. Finally, these projects must be complemented by inclusive employment programs aimed at increasing information, skills, and job options for social tenants.

How to Cite: Yepez, V.A.C., 2017. Addressing spatial segregation of the low-income population through comprehensive social housing projects in Quito, Ecuador. The Public Sphere: Journal of Public Policy, 5(1), pp.45–74.
Published on 01 Jan 2017.
Peer Reviewed

Downloads

  • PDF (EN)

    comments powered by Disqus