Start Submission

Reading: Human trafficking and ethnic minority problems in Myanmar: Policy recommendations for Myanma...

Download

A- A+
Alt. Display

Research

Human trafficking and ethnic minority problems in Myanmar: Policy recommendations for Myanmar and neighboring states

Author:

Seunghyun Han

Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies, US
About Seunghyun

MA in International Relations and Economics, Class of 2016

X close

Abstract

Myanmar has gained a notorious reputation as a source and transit country for human trafficking within the Southeast Asian region. Human trafficking is not only prevalent internally, but trafficking across borders is sizeable as well. Ethnic minorities are particularly vulnerable to trafficking due to their conflict with the Burmese military government and the lack of minority rights within Myanmar. To analyse the connection between the human trafficking situation and minority conflicts in Myanmar, I will first examine the history of conflict between minority groups and the Myanmar government, the extent of human trafficking in Myanmar, and how human trafficking contributed to the militarisation of certain minority groups. This paper will then introduce key issues with the Myanmar government’s current policies, specifically those under the new National League of Democracy (NLD) administration, led by Aung San Suu Kyi. Finally, this paper makes the following policy recommendations: (i) develop effective measures to address the core grievances of ethnic minorities’ problems, (ii) proactively develop policies for both sex and labour trafficking offences, especially for minority populations, (iii) develop joint efforts with Myanmar’s neighbouring countries to monitor cross-border human trafficking within the region, (iv) engage in dialogue with its neighbouring countries regarding existing undocumented immigrants from Myanmar to its neighbouring states.

How to Cite: Han, S., 2017. Human trafficking and ethnic minority problems in Myanmar: Policy recommendations for Myanmar and neighboring states. The Public Sphere: Journal of Public Policy, 5(1), pp.107–130.
Published on 01 Jan 2017.
Peer Reviewed

Downloads

  • PDF (EN)

    comments powered by Disqus