This policy brief provides an analysis and evaluation of the Last Mile Connectivity Project (LMCP) that aims to deliver universal sustainable energy access by 2022 in Kenya. The programme has been operational for the past five years, and its main mandate is to generate energy connectivity to the off-grid areas in order to facilitate wider sustainable development objectives in the poorer communities. The rural areas are the hardest to reach in terms of energy access, and the Kenyan programme offers great insight into the obstacles that still needs to be addressed in the current policy strategy of the LMCP programme. Initially, the programme mandated ‘energy for all’ by 2020. However, due to the remoteness and hard to reach locations the 2020 deadline became unattainable. The research draws attention to the problems in the overall policy design surrounding the project, especially the public funding constraints in energy infrastructure development, the lack of detailed socioeconomic data of the rural communities and their specific needs, as well as the continuing large up-front fixed costs of electricity access. The policies and instruments should be strategically evaluated to confront these matters by reducing the electricity access fee, creating inclusion of stakeholder engagement in project planning and execution, and finally, the programme should widen its reach from the current 600 metres inclusion zone, as it leads to systematic exclusion of the rural poor.
How to Cite:
Hellqvist, L., 2021. Realising universal energy access through the Last Mile Connectivity Project in Kenya: A policy brief. The Public Sphere: Journal of Public Policy, 9(1).